Five Medals, Tecumseh’s War and the War of 1812

Many Americans forget that the US fought two wars with Great Britain. Practically everyone knows of the Revolutionary War, and many people know that the White House was set ablaze by the British, but many do not realize that the White House was not put to flames during the Revolutionary War, but during the War of 1812. On Saturday and Sunday, October 19-20, 2013, at River Preserve County Park in nearby Elkhart County, there was a commemoration for Chief Five Medals.
d0319ad0-0692-4417-a0b1-e003790c2c8dChief Five Medals was a Potawatomi chief who lived in Elkhart County and fought with Chief Tecumseh during the War of 1812 and Tecumseh’s War. Known as a relatively peaceful man, Five Medals negotiated the peace at Fort Wayne after the Battle of Fallen Timbers. During Tecumseh’s War and the War of 1812, Tecumseh’s Confederation was an ally with Great Britain, so Five Medals was essentially forced to lay siege to Fort Wayne. This prompted Governor and future President William Henry Harrison to send troops to Fort Wayne and then dispatch Col. Richard Mentor Johnson to attack Five Medals’ village. 
Unfortunately, the village could not be defended and had to be completely abandoned, and it was consequently burnt, leaving returning natives with no shelter and food at the beginning of the winter. Richard Mentor Johnson eventually became Vice President under Martin Van Buren. Many claim that he was the person who killed Chief Tecumseh at the Battle of the Thames, resulting in the end of effective Native American resistance in the old Northwest.
Over 100 re-enactors  gathered to show Five Medals’ village and surrounding area from 1650 to 1815, including accurate representation of French settlers (Indiana had a large number of French traders and French influence during the early Colonial period), woodland Native Americans, and traders. For more about this event, see the organizer’s Facebook page

This entry was posted in Local events in Michiana and tagged , on by .

About Jason U Rose

I am a graduate from IU South Bend with a major in History, and a double minor in European Studies, and Women and Gender Studies. I currently attend Ball State University studying early 20th Century American Cultural and Social History with a subspecialty in Transnationalism and Digital History. I am an avid music collector and I try to go to as many shows as I can. A particular favorite of mine is to visit blues bars in Chicago.

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