84 years ago this month, a sixty year old man took a stand and forever changed the world. Starting on 12 March 1930, Mohandas Gandhi led a 24 day march from, Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, a village on the Arabian Sea. The march, based on tax resistance and anti-colonialism in the guise of salt was based on nonviolent civil disobedience. The march culminated with Gandhi and 79 other people going to the sea and making salt, which was outlawed by the British Colonial Government and heavily taxed.
In other coordinated efforts, Khān Abdul Ghaffār Khān led other groups in various protests. Khān was a lifelong pacifist and extremely devout Muslim, and organized approximately 50,000 other people to perform nonviolent opposition to the British colonial system. Eventually millions of Indians, both male and female, of all religions made salt illegally as a form of civil disobedience. Within the year, over 80,000 Indians were jailed for making salt and performing other forms of nonviolent protest. The Salt March was a watershed moment in peaceful protest in the 20th century and heavily influenced Martin Luther King, Jr. and his civil rights marches:
Like most people, I had heard of Gandhi, but I had never studied him seriously. As I read I became deeply fascinated by his campaigns of nonviolent resistance. I was particularly moved by his Salt March to the Sea and his numerous fasts. The whole concept of Satyagraha (Satya is truth which equals love, and agraha is force; Satyagraha, therefore, means truth force or love force) was profoundly significant to me. As I delved deeper into the philosophy of Gandhi, my skepticism concerning the power of love gradually diminished, and I came to see for the first time its potency in the area of social reform.